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In this essay I will pay attention to the ideas on poor relief in De Subventione Pauperum (1526), written by the Spanish humanist Juan Luis Vives. I will try to put it in the context of late medieval ideology on poverty and poor relief. I will not draw a conclusive picture in this essay, but I’ll put forward three keyfigures from the late medieval period who wrote about poverty and poor relief and are representative for some development within this time-frame: Thomas Aquinas representing scholastic philosophy, Geert Groote, the main founder of the Devotio Moderna movement and finally, the humanist Thomas More, writer of Utopia.